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Question text

Who are the Ul al- Amr (those in authority) according to Sunni traditions?

Visits 292 categorization: Interpreting Qur’anic Verses

According to some Sunni traditions, the meaning of Ul al- Amr in the verse 59 of Al- Nisa suarh is the Imams of the pure household of the Prophet (s.a.w.):
Hakim Haskani has quoted from Imam Ali (a.s.) from the Prophet (s.a.w.) with his own document that he said: “My partners are those whom Allah has put their obedience alongside His and mine and revealed this verse about them:﴿أَطِيعُواْ اللهَ وَأَطِيعُواْ الرَّسُولَ وَأُوْلِي الأَمْرِ مِنكُمْ﴾
[1]“Obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority from among you”, I said: “O Messenger of Allah! Who are they?”
He said: “You are the first of them”. [2]
Al-Juwayni also quotes in a long tradition with his own document that Imam Ali (a.s.) said to some of the Companions that: “… For God’s sake, do you know when the verse ﴿يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ أَطِيعُواْ اللهَ...﴾
[3]was revealed, people said: “O Messenger of Allah! Are the Ul al- Amr from special ones of believers or it includes all of them?”, then Allah ordered His Messenger to introduce authorities to people and also to explain Wilayah to them, as he has explained prayer, Zakat (legal alms) and Hajj (pilgrimage) to them, after that the Prophet (s.a.w.) appointed me as the authority in Ghadir Khum…” [4]
Hakim Haskani also quotes from Mujahid ibn Jabar Tabi’i the cause of revelation of the verse about Imam Ali’s (a.s.) succession after the Prophet (s.a.w.) and writes that: “Ul al- Amr was revealed about Amir al- Muminin (a.s.). When the Prophet (s.a.w.) appointed him as successor of himself in Medina, Ali (a.s.) said: “Do you leave me alone among women and children?”, the Prophet (s.a.w.) said: “Aren’t you satisfied with being unto me what Aaron was unto Moses ?” [5] [6]

resources and references

[1] - Quran, Al- Nisa, verse. 59.
[2] - Shawahid al- Tanzil, vol. 1, p. 191, tradition no. 204.
[3] - Quran, Al- Nisa, verse. 59.
[4] - Fara’id al- Samtayn, vol. 1, p. 313, chapter: 58, tradition no. 250.
[5] - Shawahid al- Tanzil, vol. 1, p. 192, tradition no. 205.
[6] - Ali Asghar Rizwani, Imamology and Answering to the Doubts, vol. 1, p. 350.
Ref: www.makarem.ir

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