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Question text

What is the doubt of Fakhr Razi about the word “منکم” (from among you) in Ul al- Amr (those in authority) verse?

Visits 304 categorization: Interpreting Qur’anic Verses

Fakhr Razi says in his Tafsir that: “The word Ul al- Amr has been come with “منکم”; that is, they are from your kind; it means that, they are common men and do not possess infallibility, while Shia belive in the infallibility of each one of the household of the Prophet (a.s.)”.
In answer to this matter, we should say that: the word “منکم” mentioned in the verse indicates that although Ul al- Amr are infallible, they are from man’s kind, not angels’ kind. Because according to some verses, people objected that why does the Prophet (s.a.w.) eat and walk in bazaars?! They thought that the Prophet (s.a.w.) should be from angels’ kind, not man’s kind. Therefore the Holy Quran also stresses on this point in many verses that the Prophet (s.a.w.) is from your kind, and if he was angel, We had certainly made him a man, so that he could permanently be connected with you, as this verse says that:﴿وَلَوْ جَعَلْنَاهُ مَلَكًا لَّجَعَلْنَاهُ رَجُلًا وَلَلَبَسْنَا عَلَيْهِم مَّا يَلْبِسُونَ﴾
[1]“And if We had made him angel, We would certainly have made him a man, and We would certainly have made confused to them what they make confused”.
The Holy Quran also considers the Prophet (s.a.w.) from man’s kind:﴿لَقَدْ مَنَّ اللهُ عَلَى الْمُؤمِنِينَ إِذْ بَعَثَ فِيهِمْ رَسُولًا مِّنْ أَنفُسِهِمْ يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِهِ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَإِن كَانُواْ مِن قَبْلُ لَفِي ضَلالٍ مُّبِينٍ ﴾
[2]“Allah conferred a benefit upon the believers when He raised among them a Messenger from among themselves, reciting to them His communications and purifying them, and teaching them the Book and the wisdom, although before that they were surely in manifest error”. Now, is the Prophet (s.a.w.) a common man and like the others?! [3]

resources and references

[1] Quran, Al- An`am, verse. 9.
[2] Quran, Al-e- `Imran, verse. 164.
[3] Ali Asghar Rizwani, Imamology and Answering to the Doubts, vol. 1, p. 354.
Ref: www.makarem.ir

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