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Question text

Does “الذين آمنوا” mean all believers in Wilayah verse?


Visits 267 categorization: Interpreting Qur’anic Verses
Answer

The phrase of “الذين آمنوا” in Wilayah verse includes all believers, but this inclusion and generality is not aimed, and some of believers are aimed; because:
Firstly: Some special attributes are expressed for them including keeping up prayers and paying the poor-rate while bowing in the prayer﴿الَّذِينَ يُقِيمُونَ الصَّلاَةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَهُمْ رَاكِعُونَ﴾
[1]“those who keep up prayers and pay the poor-rate while they bow”.
Secondly: “الذين آمنوا” is referred to the word “رسوله” His prophet as the word “رسوله” is referred to the word “الله”. This verse means that Allah, Messenger of Allah and those believers who have been described have the authority over the addressees of the verse, that is, the community of believers. And if the purpose of “الذين آمنوا ...” be all the believers, it is means that all the believers should be both gurdian and follower but it is not in accord with the word “ولي” in the verse, because it is not from the section of Tafa`ol.
Thirdly: Wilayah is general and bilateral by meaning of kindness and help, but Wilayah is unilateral by meaning of guardianship and leadership and it is not bilateral. Therefore the purpose of “الذين آمنوا” is not all the believers. [2]


resources and references

[1] Quran, Al-Ma'idah, 55
[2] Ali asghar Rizwani, Imamology and answering to the doubts, vol. 1, p. 226.
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Ref: www.makarem.ir


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