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Question text

What narrative has Hibari quoted regarding the cause of revelation of the verse of Proclamation (Tabligh)?

Visits 277 categorization: Occasion of Revelation

Hibari has quoted from Hasan Ibn Husayn from Haban Ibn Kalbi from Abu Salih and ibn ‘Abbas in the commentary of this verse,﴿أَيُّهَا الرَّسُولُ بَلِّغْ مَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْکَ مِن رَّبِّکَ وَإِن لَّمْ تَفْعَلْ فَمَا بَلَّغْتَ رِسَالَتَهُ وَاللهُ يَعْصِمُکَ مِنَ النَّاسِ إِنَّ اللهَ لاَ يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْکَافِرِينَ﴾
[1]“o messenger, deliver what is sent down to you from your lord (to the people); if you do not, you will not have conveyed his message. Allah protects you from (the probable dangers of) the people. Allah does not guide the nation, the (obstinate) unbelievers” that it was revealed regarding Ali (a.s.). The Prophet (s.a.) was commanded to proclaim what was about him (Ali), so he grasped Ali’s hand and said:
من کنت مولاه فهذا عليّ مولاه، اللهمّ والِ من والاه وعادِ من عاداه
“whoever I am his leader (Mawla), Ali will be his leader. O God, love the lovers of Ali and be an enemy to his enemies” [2]. The document of this narrative is considered to be valid by the Sunnis, because Hasan Ibn Husayn has been one of the narrators of Mustadrak Hakim, and Zahabi and Hakim have specified the validity of his narratives, nonetheless he has been criticized for being a Shia by some people, [3] and Haban Ibn Ali Kalbi has been one of the narrators of Ibn Majah, and he has been considered to be reliable by Yahya Ibn Mu’in, and to be truthful by ‘Ajli. [4] Abu Salih is also one of the narrators of Sihah Sittah who has been considered to be reliable by Zahabi and Ibn Hajar. [5] [6]

resources and references

[1] Quran, Al-Ma'idah, verse. 67.
[2] Tafsir Hibri, p. 262
[3] Mustadrak Hakim Vol. 3, p. 211
[4] Tahzib al-Kamal Vol. 5, p. 339; Mizan al-I’tidal Vol. 1, p. 449
[5] Misbah al-Munir, Vol. 2, p. 672
[6] Ali ‘Asghar Rizwani, Imamology and Answering to the Doubts (1), p. 253
Ref: www.makarem.ir

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