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Question text

Is there any narration in Sunnite books which signifies distorting Quran?


Visits 271 categorization: Qur’anic Sciences
Answer

1- it has been quoted from Ibn Abas that Umar ibn Khatab said in his oration that: “God truly sent Muhammad (s.a.w.) as a prophet and sent down the Quran to him, therefore it contains the Rajm (stoning adulterers) verse and we recited and memorized it, the Prophet (s.a.w.) throw stone at people who committed adultery and we imitated him and I fear that if it takes a long time, people say that: we did not find Rajm verse at the Quran, so because of the abandonment of an obligatory duty which has been sent down by God, they will go astray, thus if a married man or woman commits adultery, he/she should be stoned, whenever a clear proof be provided or woman becomes pregnant or he/she confesses to commit adultery, I swear to God if no one had said that Umar added more verses into the Quran, I would have truly written this verse into the Quran”. (1)
This narration has been quoted in Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Sahih Muslim, Sahih Bukhari, Sunan Tirmizi, Mawtta Malik, Sunan ibn Majah and Sunan Darimi with differences in some terms.
It has been quoted in Sharh Nuwi about Sahih Muslim that: this is the Rajm verse:
(الشيخ و الشيخه اذا زنيا فار جموهما البتة (2
“If an old man and an old woman committed adultery, surely they should be stoned”.
Then he explains that this verse was abrogated but its command is valid.
2- Following this verse of the Bayyinah surah﴿لَمْ يَكُنِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا﴾(“Those who disbelieved from among the followers”) (3), it has been quoted from Ahmad and Tirmizi and Hakim in Tafsir al-Durr al-Manthur that Abi ibn Ka’b said:
“The Prophet (s.a.w.) said: God ordered me to recite this verse for you,﴿لَمْ يَكُنِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا﴾ (“Those who disbelieved from among the followers”)
then he said that God states: if son of Adam asks for a desert among temporal properties and I give it to him, he will ask for next deserts, because the belly of Adam’s son will be filled with nothing but earth, but anyone who repents, Gad will accept his repentance, surely, the primordial religion of Islam is the real religion from God, not polytheism nor Judaism and Christianity. If anyone accepts this religion, he will not profane God”. (4)
According to this narration which has been quoted from Abi ibn Ka’b by the great Sunnite scholars, such as Ahmad ibn Hanbal and Hakim who has confirmed the authenticity of this narration in his Mustadrak that: “some verses have been added to the Bayyibah Surah, if this matter is true, these verses have been omitted from this Surah”.
3- Ahzab Surah is one the Surahs of the Quran which has 73 verses, but according to some narrations narrated by Sunnis this surah has had more verses than theses.
Urwah ibn Zubayr quotes from Ayisha about Ahzab Surah that she said:
“Ahzab Surah has two hundred verses when it was recited at the time of the Prophet (s.a.w.), but when Uthman wrote the Quran, he just found the same verses which are available now”. (5)
Siyuti also quotes from Abi ibn Ka’b in al-Durr al-Manthur through several ways that he said: “not only Ahzab surah had as many verses as Baqara surah, but also it had more verses than Baqara surah”. (6)
4- There are some narrations in Sunnite books which signify shortage of Tawba Surah.
Some of them are as follows:
Siyuti quotes from Hazifah ibn Yiman through several ways that he said:
“People recite a fourth of what we have recited”. (7)
“You recite a third of the surah”. (8)
Siyuti quotes from Malik ibn Anas that he said: “Tawba surah had as many verses as Baqara surah and the first verses of the surah were omitted and also “بسم الله” (in the name of God) was from those verses which were omitted”.(9)
5- Another narration has been quoted from Ayisha in Sunan ibn Majah that she said:
“Rajm (stoning adulterers) and Riza' (nursing) verses were sent down ten times and these two verses were on a paper under my bed, when the Prophet (s.a.w.) passed away, we were mourning for his holiness, a domestic animal entered our house and ate the paper”. (10)
It has been quoted from Ayisha in Sahih Muslim and Sunan Darimi that she said:
“This verse was sent down:
عشر رضعات معلومات يحرمن
“Nursing for ten times makes foster relationship (Hormat)”.
Then it was abrogated and replaced by five times, when the Prophet (s.a.w.) passed away, these verses were still recited from Quran”. (11)
Now, what is the reaction of Sunnite brothers to these clear proofs? Why do they accuse Imamite and Shia of distorting Quran while their books, documents and narrative collections are full of narrations that signify distorting Quran? And some of them confirm that whatever they have quoted in their books is definitely correct. (12)


resources and references

1. Sunan Abi Dawud, the book of al-Hudud, vol. 4, pp. 144-145, chapter, fi Rajm; Sunan Tirmizi, vol. 4, p. 38, tradition No. 1432, the book of al-Hudud, chapter, Ma Ja’a fi Tahqiq al-Rajm; Sahih Muslim bi Sharh al-Nuwi, vol. 11, p. 191, the book of al-Hudud, chapter, H'ad al-Zina; Mawtta, vol. 2, p. 824, the book of al-Hudud, chapter, Ma Ja’a fi al-Rajm; Sunan, vol. 2, p. 179, the book of al-Hudud, chapter, fi H'ad al-Muhsinin bi al-Zina; Awardih al-Bukhri Min Sahih, vol. 8, p. 208, the book of al-Hudud, chapter, Rajm al-Habli Min al-Zina Iza Ahsanat and Sunan ibn Majah, vol. 2, p. 853, tradition No. 2553, the book of al-Hudud ,chapter al-Rajm.
2. Sahih Muslim bi Sharh al-Nuwi, vol. 11, p. 191, the book of al-Hudud, chapter al-Zina.
3. Quran, Al-Bayyinah, verse. 1
4. Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal, vol. 1, p. 131 ; Al-Durr al-Manthur, vol. 6, p. 387, Tafsir Bayyinah surah; Mustadrak, vol. 2, p. 531, the book of al-Tafsir, Tafsir Bayyinah surah.
5. Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal, vol. 5, p. 180, Tafsir Ahzab surah; al-Itqan, vol. 3, p. 82, al-Nuw’ al-Sabi’ wa al-Rabi`un fi Nasikhah wa Mansukh.
6. Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal, vol. 5, p. 179, Tafsir Ahzab surah.
7. Al-Durr al-Manthur, vol. 3, p. 208. Tafsir Tawba surah, Mustadrak Hakim, vol. 2, p. 331, the book of al-Tafsar Tafsir Tawba surah.
8. Al-Durr al-Manthur, vol. 3, p. 208. Tafsir Tawba surah, Mustadrak Hakim, vol. 2, p. 331, the book of al-Tafsar Tafsir Tawba surah.
9. Al-Itqan, vol. 1, p. 65, al-Nuw’ al-Tasi’ Ashir fi Adad Surah wa Ayat wa Kalimat wa Huruf.
10. Sunan ibn Majah, vol. 1, p. 625, tradition No. 1944, the book of al-Nikah, chapter, Riza’ al-Kabir.
11. Sahih Muslim bi sharh Nuwi, vol. 10, p. 29, the book of al-Riza’ and Sunan Darimi, vol. 2, p. 157, the book of al-Riza’.
12. Tahiri Khurram Abadi, the absence of distortion in Quran, pp. 64-75.
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Ref: www.makarem.ir


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