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Question text

What doubt has been instilled by Fakhr Razi based on the plural form of the term “Ul al- Amr” (those in authority)?


Visits 231 categorization: Interpreting Qur’anic Verses
Answer

Fakhr Razi says in his Tafsir that: “the term “Ul al Amr” is plural, and it signifies that these are a group of people. It is not in accord with Shia’s opinion; because they believe that there is an Imam at every age, whereas the verse orders to obey a group of people, not a person.
In answer to this matter, we should say that: the figurative meaning is attributing the plural term to one of individuals of its concept, while the noble verse does not mean so; because according to Shia’s opinion Ul al- Amr are those very twelve infallible Imams whose obedience is obligatory by Allah’s order, and applying the plural form for them does not refer to the presence of all of them at a same time but it refers to this point that no time is empty from these twelve people. In other words, attributing the plural form to them refers to their longitudinal existence, not latitudinal existence, and it is a real application, not figurative, and it has been utilized in the Holy Quran a lot.
The Almighty Allah states that: ﴿فَلَا تُطِعِ الْمُكَذِّبِينَ﴾
[1]"So do not yield to the rejecters”, does it refer to the liars of a special time? Or it means that if there is a liar at any time, you should not obey him. [2]


resources and references

[1] Quran, Al- Qalam, verse. 8.
[2] Ali Asghar Rizwani, Imamology and Answering to the Doubts, vol. 1, p. 354.
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Ref: www.makarem.ir


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